Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease, also commonly known as gum disease, is actually a broad term that encompasses several different conditions of the gums, including gingivitis and periodontitis. These are common conditions that may affect millions of people. While most cases of periodontal disease can be effectively treated through conservative treatment methods, some may require additional treatment and ongoing monitoring by Dr. Romano.

Periodontal disease can develop as a result of many different factors. Many cases of periodontal disease do not cause any symptoms until the condition progresses to an advanced stage. It is important to see Dr.Romano for treatment at the first sign of any symptoms. Some common symptoms of periodontal disease include:

  • Red Gums
  • Bleeding Gums
  • Bad Breath
  • Tenderness when pressure is applied
  • Sour or metalic taste (Pus)


Gingivitis is an early stage of periodontal disease that may cause your gums to swell, redden and bleed easy. Gingivitis is often caused by a buildup of plaque and bacteria around your teeth caused by inadequate or poor oral hygiene, as a side effect to certain medications, an oral infection, certain medical conditions, and/or poor nutrition. Patients do not usually experience pain or discomfort but should seek prompt treatment when symptoms arise because of potential complications of gingivitis.


Periodontal (Gum) Disease could develop as a result of untreated Gingivitis. When plaque spreads below the gum line, it can create toxins that may chronically inflame the gums tissues and supporting bone around teeth, eventually destroying these structures leading to the formation of pockets that are susceptible to frequent infections and can continue to destroy the gums and bone. There are several different stages of Periodontal Disease some of which include:

  • Aggressive Periodontitis: This disease condition occurs most often in healthy patients who have a sudden onset of the disease and experience rapid bone destruction and pocket formation.
  • Chronic Periodontitis: The most common form of the disease and causes progressive gum detachment (recession) and supporting bone loss, gradually causing pocket formation and teeth mobility.
  • Periodontitis and Systemic Diseases: Periodontitis may increase the risk to develop secondary effects to other medical conditions such as heart disease, respiratory disease and diabetes.
  • Necrotizing Periodontal Disease: This condition is an infection caused by necrosis of the supporting structures of your teeth. It commonly affects people with certain systemic conditions and smokers.

Learn how to treat Periodontal Disease, click on link Periodontal Flap Surgery

Please visit our site "Supportive Periodontal Therapy" to learn more on how to take care of your gums and promote a healthier body.

Remember that the number one key for a successfull dental health begins with adecuate oral hygiene.

If your gums are bleeding...there is a problem and we can help you... So call us Now!

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