Red Gums and Diabetes


When poorly controlled; the immune system is compromised and there is a higher chance for opportunistic bacteria to attack and destroy the surrounding teeth structures this is why it is of extreme importance to have a meticulous glucose control and oral hygiene.

The Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) Test for Diabetes

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Importance of Hemoglobin A1c Test

The hemoglobin A1c test -- also called HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin test, or glycohemoglobin -- is an important blood test used to determine how well your diabetes is being controlled. Hemoglobin A1c provides an average of your blood sugar control over a six to 12 week period and is used in conjunction with home blood sugar monitoring to make adjustments in your diabetes medicines.

Hemoglobin is a substance within red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout your body. When your diabetes is not controlled (meaning that your blood sugar is too high), sugar builds up in your blood and combines with your hemoglobin, becoming "glycated." Therefore, the average amount of sugar in your blood can be determined by measuring a hemoglobin A1c level. If your glucose levels have been high over recent weeks, your hemoglobin A1c test will be higher. The amount of hemoglobin A1c will reflect the last several weeks of blood sugar levels, typically encompassing a period of 120 days.

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What's a Normal Hemoglobin A1c Test?

For people without diabetes, the normal range for the hemoglobin A1c test is between 4% and 5.6%. Hemoglobin A1c levels between 5.7% and 6.4% indicate increased risk of diabetes, and levels of 6.5% or higher indicate diabetes. Because studies have repeatedly shown that out-of-control diabetes results in complications from the disease, the goal for people with diabetes is a hemoglobin A1c less than 7%. The higher the hemoglobin A1c, the higher the risks of developing complications related to diabetes.

People with diabetes should have this test every three months to determine whether their blood sugars have reached the target level of control. Those who have their diabetes under good control may be able to wait longer between the blood tests, but experts recommend checking at least 2 times a year.

Visiting the Hygienist and Dr. Romano

After a patient has been diagnosed with Periodontal Disease and has completed the treatment it is extremely important to continue every 3 months with a preventive therapy or "Periodontal Therapy" to prevent recurrence of the disease by allowing an early recognition. In this program Dr. Romano  and his Hygienist  will have periodic  evaluation  of your gingiva "pockets" by  monitoring your bone levels with digital x-rays, "probing" around your teeth with a special measuring tool, and customizing your Oral Home-care .

We strongly recommended periodic monitoring by your General Dentist if you have extensive dental bridges, dental implants , and crowns.

Remember that prevention is the Key for a Healthy Smile.

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